Lifestyle, Travel

7 Must Visit Historical Monuments in Delhi

January 24, 2020

India’s pulsating city, Delhi is rich in its culture and history. Once ruled by the Delhi Sultanate, Delhi went to the hands of the Slave Dynasty followed by the Khaljis, Tughlaqs, Lodhis, Mughals and finally the British. The traces of each of these rules are scattered across the city. 

 

Sharing with you a list of 7 historical monuments whose ahead of the time architectures will astonish you and are worth a visit!

 

 

  • India Gate :

 

India Gate, one of the most popular monuments across the country is situation in the heart of the city. Designed by Edwin Lutyens, it’s foundation was laid in 1920 and the final structure was revealed in 1933. The sandstone structure was dedicated to the Indian soldiers of British Army who died in World War I. In year 1971, the Amar Jawan Joti was added to mark the martyrdom of soldiers who fought the Indo – Pakistan war.

 

The magnificent gate is surrounded by lush green lawns which make an ideal picnic spot and are also frequented by joggers and walkers. One can also enjoy boating in the nearby pond.

 

Visiting Hours : Sunrise to sunset 

Entrance Fee : Entry is free and open to all

 

 

  • Red Fort :

The massive red sandstone Red Fort is an excellent example of the Mughal architecture. 

Initiated by Shah Jahan in 1638, the structure took 10 years to come to its final state. 

A UNESCO World Heritage Site is where Prime Minister delivers his speech every year on Independence day eve. Spread over ~255 acres, the walls of the fort are around 2 kilometres long with calligraphy and beautiful flower decorations.

 

Visiting Time : Sunrise to sunset all days of the week (Monday closed)

Entrance Fee : Rs 10 (Indians) and Rs 250 (other nationalities)

 

  • Jantar Mantar :

Built by Maharaja Jai Singh of Jaipur in 1724, the architecture was constructed to gather astronomical tables. This accumulation then helped predict the time and movement of sun, moon and other celestial bodies.

 

After successful construction of Jantar Mantar in Delhi, Raja Jai Singh also constructed more of these by the same name in Mathura, Jaipur, Ujjain and Varanasi. This popular tourist destination is a must visit for astronomy lovers. 

 

Visiting Time : Sunrise to sunset

Entrance Fee : Rs 5 (Indians), Rs 100 (other nationalities)

 

 

  • Humayun’s Tomb :

A masterpiece of Persian architecture, this tomb was commissioned by Humayun’s widow Hamida Banu Begum in the year 1526, nine years after his death.

 

A UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is the final resting place for Humayun’s wife Hamida Bahu Begum, Shah Jahan’s son Dara Shikoh and other prominent Mughal royals. Constructed out of red sandstone, this tomb is also the first ever garden style tomb to be constructed in India. 

 

Visiting Time : Sunrise to sunset

Entrance Fee : Rs 10 (Indians), Rs 250 (other nationalities)

 

 

  • Qutub Minar :

The 73 meter high tower, Qutub Minar, was initiated by Qutub-ud-Din Aibak in 1193 to mark Muslim dominance after defeating the last Hindu ruler in Delhi. It is the highest tower in India comprising of 5 storeys and projecting balconies.

 

The construction of this five-storey Minar was started by Qutub-ud-Din Aibak (basement) followed by Iltutmish (first three stories) and completed by Firoz Shah Tuglak (last two stories). The different architectural styles spanning across all the rulers’ reigns are clearly visible in the Minar. 

 

Visiting Time : Sunrise to sunset

Entrance Fee : Rs 10 (Indians), Rs 250 (other nationalities)

 

 

  • Jama Masjid :

Jama Masjid is yet another fine example of the Mughal architecture. It was the last architectural extravagance of the esteemed Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. More than 5000 laborers contributed in the construction of this huge mosque which got completed in the year 1656.

 

Tall minaret towers and projecting domes are remarkable to the design of Jama Masjid.The north, east and south sides of the mosque have massive entrances. However, followers pray in the west direction which faces Mecca. The eastern gate is the largest and was used by the royals. The mosque’s interior courtyard can occupy close to 25,000 people. 

 

Visiting Time : 7am to an hour before sunset (summer), 8am to an hour before sunset (winter). The Jama Masjid is closed for half an hour in the afternoon for prayers.

 

Entrance Fee : Entry is free and open to all.  though a fee of Rs.200 is charged for cameras. It is suggested to dress modestly while visiting the holy shrine.

 

 

  • Rajghat :

 

Raj Ghat is the memorial of Mahatma Gandhi. An open black stone platform marks the spot where Mahatma Gandhi was cremated. A flame keeps burning at one end of the platform. Visitors are supposed to remove their footwear before entering Rajghat. Also, close to Rajghat is Shantivan – the memorial of Jawaharlal Nehru.

 

Visiting Time : 5 am to 7:30 pm

Entrance Fee : Free Entry

 

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